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土拉杆菌病特征及其国内外流行状况

点击数:14735  时间:2019-05-10 13:33:42  来源: 中国动物检疫      作者: 周晓翠,孙翔翔,张喜悦

本文简要综述了土拉杆菌病的病原学、流行病学、临床症状、病理变化等特征以及诊断方法和治疗措施,介绍了该病在国内外的流行状况。土拉杆菌病在国外主要流行于北美和北欧地区。我国的土拉杆菌病自然疫源地主要集中在西藏地区,近年来人间报道病例极少,动物土拉杆菌病仅有零星散发。我国应对啮齿类经济动物和水貂等进行病原学流行病学调查,并对土拉杆菌有较强抵抗力的动物进行血清流行病学调查,根据调查结果及时提出土拉杆菌病向人间传播的预警。



A Brief Introduction on Tularemia and Its Prevalence in theWorld

In this paper,theetiology,epidemiology,clinicalsymptoms and pathological changes of tularemia,as wellas the diagnostic methods and treatment measures were briefly summarized,besides,its prevalence both in and outsideChina was also introduced. Presently,tularemia ismainly prevalent in North America and North Europe. In China,its natural nidus is mainly concentrated in Tibet. There have beenvery few cases reported in human,and sporadic outbreaksin animals. It was indicated that etiological and epidemiological investigationtowards rodent economic animals and mink,andsero-epidemiological investigation towards animals with strong resistance totularemia should be carried out in China,based on theresearch results,the early warning could be made intime.



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